Object Description (Thanks to the Chandra X-Ray Observatory for the description):
This is the Crescent Nebula, also known as the "Dividing Cell Nebula", or the "Van Gogh's Ear Nebula". This image reveals dramatic details of the Crescent Nebula, a giant gaseous shell created by powerful winds blowing from the massive star HD 192163.
After only 4.5 million years (one-thousandth the age of the Sun), HD 192163 began its headlong rush toward a supernova catastrophe. First it expanded enormously to become a red giant and ejected its outer layers at about 20,000 miles per hour. Two hundred thousand years later "a blink of the eye in the life of a normal star", the intense radiation from the exposed hot, inner layer of the star, began pushing gas away at speeds in excess of 3 million miles per hour!
When this high speed "stellar wind" rammed into the slower red giant wind, a dense shell was formed. The force of the collision created two shock waves: one that moved outward from the dense shell, and one that moved inward to produce a bubble of million degree Celsius X-ray emitting gas. The brightest X-ray emission is near the densest part of the compressed shell of gas, indicating that the hot gas is evaporating matter from the shell. The massive star HD 192183 that has produced the nebula appears as the bright dot at the center of the full-field image.
HD 192163 will likely explode as a supernova in about a hundred thousand years. This image enables astronomers to determine the mass, energy, and composition of the gaseous shell around this pre-supernova star. An understanding of such environments provides important data for interpreting observations of supernovas and their remnants.
7/26/2006 through 8/16/2006
- TAK TOA-150, with 67 Flattener
- STL-6303, self-guided, 10-second guiding integrations
- Astrodon narrowband filters
- Paramount ME
Exposures (MaxIM for camera control and capture):
- Ha, 5x30min (2.5h) + 9x15min (2.25h) = 4.75h
- OIII, 17*30min = 8.5h
- SII, 10*30m = 5h
- bloom removal
- channel sub registration
- normalization and data rejection
- mean combine
- hot/cold pixel removal
- gentle deconvolution, where appropriate
- DDP, no sharpening
- registration of final sub masters
- color creation: full tri-color narrowband variations, Ha/sG/OIII bi-color versions as per descriptions
- curves for adjusting color treatment to taste